Cystoid Macular Edema
Cystoid macular edema (CME), or swelling of the macula, typically occurs as a result of disease, injury or more rarely, eye surgery. Fluid collects within the layers of the macula, causing blurred, distorted central vision. CME rarely causes a permanent loss of vision, but the recovery is often a slow, gradual process. The majority of patients recover in 2 to 15 months. In this retinal photograph, the swelling is the yellowish spots (arrow) in the macula.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
• Blurred central vision
• Distorted vision (straight lines may appear wavy)
• Vision is tinted pink
• Light sensitivity
DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS
It is very difficult to detect CME during a routine examination. A diagnosis is often based on the symptoms of the patient and a special dye test called a fluorescein angiogram (FA).

TREATMENT
The first line of treatment for CME is usually anti-inflammatory drops. In certain cases, medication is injected near the back of the eye for a more concentrated effect. Oral medications are sometimes prescribed to reduce the swelling.